Design your HRV?

Step by Step Design Guide

HRV house 1 1

Step 1

To design an HRV installation, first identify what indoor air problems you want to overcome, so that you can determine whether you need one or a combination of the following HRV types:

  1. Whole house ducted system with one HRV (one level)
  2. Whole house system with 2 HRVs (as for a large house)
  3. Two floor home with living downstairs
  4. Two floor home with living upstairs,
  5. Part house system for smaller homes
  6. Single room system
  7. Architectural homes

Step 2

Identify where the Cleanaire HRV will be best located in the roof space. Consider a location where...

  • The HRV can be easily accessed for future maintenance.

  • The HRV is best over a bathroom, hallway, or service area, and close to a manhole.
  • Any noise (use the link on the left for information on noise levels) is not likely to be a problem ie….
    do not position the Cleanaire HRV over a bedroom.
  •  
  • Duct runs are optimised to the shortest overall (use the link on the left for ducting tips).
  • Consider locations for the outdoor air supply, and the exhaust air discharge to outside (these must be reasonably separated to ensure that exhaust air is not collected by the fresh air intake).
  • See Accessories (in the Products section) for the types of outlets available as standard -- if your home needs something special -- contact us using any of the means on our Contact page .

Step 3

Determine which size HRV for your home…….. for this example assume that the home needs a fully ducted system.

  1. The Building Code (NZS 4303) calls for home ventilation at the rate of .35 Air Changes per Hour.
    0.35 is approximately 1/3 of all the air in the home every hour.
  2. Calculate the internal volume of your home.

If you have builders plans use a scale rule to measure the floor area, and the average height. Multiply the floor plan area by the average internal height. Otherwise you will have to measure the house.

There are two methods....

Measure each room and hall and cupboard, that is within the area to be ventilated. – you need to measure the floor area, and the height of each and every space. Then add all the volumes to arrive at a total volume.

A second way is to measure the house from the outside, length X width in metres (this is easiest with a single level home)
--- Multiply the external dimensions to get the total area of the house
--- Subtract the floor area of spaces that are not to be ventilated -- ie …. the garage.
--- Multiply by the indoor height of the living space --- this is usually 2.4 metres.
--- The answer is the total internal volume in cubic metres. Now select the appropriate model from the model chart on page 3 Of the CLEANAIRE brochure.

  Floor Area
(m2)
Internal Volume
(m3)
Minimum air flow to comply with NZ4303
(m3 per hour)
Minimum air flow for  British standards
(m3 per hour)
Recommended HRV Model
Typical Villa 160 384 134.4 192 MA600-80
Large Home 250 600 210 300 MA600-80 / MB600-95
Larger Homes 500 1200 420 600 Dual system (2 x MA600 or 2 x MB800)

Note: We have shown the minimum flow rate necessary to comply with the British Standards for ventilation.   This standard recommends 0.5 air changes per hour, compared with the New Zealand Standard of 0.35 changes per hour, which we believe explains the much better rates of asthma control observed in the UK.

  1. In preparing the Ventilating Capacity table in the CLEANAIRE brochure, we have allowed a "reserve" capacity for the hot water "Boost" function. ie… the ventilating capacity table in the CLEANAIRE brochure is the internal volume of the home that the HRV will ventilate on normal speed. Boost speed is an included extra and not mentioned in the CLEANAIRE brochure.
  2. If the home has a lot of ducting ---- the ducting causes an air flow resistance, and the fan power may not be sufficient to ventilate the home. Before finalising the actual capacity and model selection, of the HRV, the ducting air flow resistance must be allowed for.

Draw a simple plan of your home, with dimensions (as in para b) and send it to us. (See our contacts page for details).

We will check and confirm your model selection.

We can only confirm where there is sufficient information, do not call us unless you have mailed a simple plan which shows floor plan (with each room and dimensions, a "side elevation" that shows ceiling heights, and a clear indication (Arrow) of where North is on your plan. Include a contact phone number, and return mailing address.

  1. Measure the size of the manhole opening, and the available height above the manhole to the underside of the roof ----- it is important that the HRV can be installed. (where this may be a problem, send a brief plan (with contact phone number and return mail address) and we will have a solution.
    (Most HRVs can be "knocked down" passed into the roof space in sections and re-assembled when in the roof space)
  2. For large homes, where there is a lot of ducting, it is often more economical to install two HRVs.
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